Mammals That Start With X

Have you ever wondered about mammals that start with the letter “X”? Well, you’re not alone in this curious quest. While it may seem challenging, there are actually a few interesting mammals that have names beginning with the letter “X”. In this article, we will explore these fascinating creatures and learn more about their unique characteristics and habitats.


One of the mammals that start with the letter “X” is the Xerus. Also known as the African ground squirrel, Xerus is a genus of squirrels that are native to Africa. These intriguing little rodents play a vital role in their ecosystems by dispersing seeds and promoting plant growth.

Characteristics of Xerus

Xerus squirrels have distinct physical features that set them apart from other squirrel species. Here are some key characteristics of Xerus:

1. Size: Xerus squirrels are small to medium-sized rodents, measuring around 20 to 30 centimeters in length, excluding the tail.

2. Coloration: They have a sandy or light brown coat, with a white underbelly. Some Xerus species may also have stripes or spots on their fur.

3. Tail: Xerus squirrels have a long, bushy tail that they use for balance and communication. Their tails are usually shorter than their bodies.

4. Habitat: These squirrels are well-adapted to arid and semi-arid environments, such as savannas, grasslands, and deserts.

5. Behavior: Xerus squirrels are diurnal, meaning they are active during the day. They are highly social animals and live in colonies known as “towns”. These towns can consist of several family groups and may have hundreds of individuals.

Species of Xerus

There are several species of Xerus squirrels, each with its own unique range and habitat preferences. Some of the notable species include:

1. Xerus inauris: Also called the Cape ground squirrel, this species is found in southern Africa and prefers dry, open habitats.

2. Xerus princeps: Known as the Damara ground squirrel, it is native to Namibia and is well-adapted to desert environments.

3. Xerus rutilus: This species, commonly known as the red ground squirrel, inhabits parts of East Africa, including Kenya and Tanzania.


Another fascinating mammal that begins with “X” is Xenurus. Xenurus is a genus of marsupials known as the springhares or kangaroo rats. They are found in Sub-Saharan Africa and are closely related to other marsupials like kangaroos and wallabies.

Characteristics of Xenurus

Here are some key characteristics of Xenurus:

1. Size: Xenurus species range in size from small to medium, with an average length of around 30 to 40 centimeters, excluding the tail.

2. Appearance: They have a slender body, long hind legs, and a long tail. Their hind legs are well-adapted for hopping, and their tails help them maintain balance.

3. Fur: Xenurus has soft fur, usually gray or brown in color, which helps them blend into their surroundings.

4. Diet: These marsupials are herbivores and primarily feed on grasses, herbs, and roots.

5. Nocturnal Behavior: Xenurus is nocturnal, meaning they are active during the night and rest during the day.

Species of Xenurus

Currently, there are two recognized species within the Xenurus genus:

1. Xenurus unicinctus: Commonly known as the springhare, this species is found in South Africa and neighboring countries. It is known for its incredible jumping ability, which can reach a height of up to two meters.

2. Xenurus species: Another species yet to be identified scientifically is known as the “Xenurus species.” Further research is needed to determine its taxonomical classification and specific characteristics.

Frequently Asked Questions

Question 1: Are there any other mammals that start with the letter “X”?

While Xerus and Xenurus are the most well-known mammals that start with the letter “X,” there are a few other lesser-known species, such as:

1. Xanthidium: A small genus of shrews found in Southeast Asia.
2. Xylophoneuda: A species of bat native to Central Africa.

Question 2: Can Xerus squirrels be kept as pets?

While some people may be tempted to keep Xerus squirrels as pets due to their cute appearance, it’s important to note that wild animals should be left in their natural habitats. Xerus squirrels are best observed and appreciated from a distance to ensure their conservation and well-being.

Final Thoughts

Exploring the world of mammals that start with the letter “X” has unveiled a delightful array of creatures, from the Xerus squirrels to the Xenurus springhares. These unique mammals have adapted to various environments and play essential roles in their respective ecosystems. By expanding our knowledge of these animals, we can develop a deeper appreciation for the diversity and wonder of the natural world.

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